Nainital (2,084 Metres) is a hill station in the state of Uttarakhand, India. If you are a nature lover, and you love to hang out and spend time amidst nature, then Nainital is heaven for you. The most picturesque view of Nainital is its serene lake and hilly surroundings. The name of this lake is “Naini Lake”.
Which provides an exciting experience to the tourists. This lake is also called the queen of lakes. The shape of this lake is like a pear, which is surrounded by mountains on all four sides. Thousands of tourists visit Nainital to celebrate Christmas and New Year at the end of the year.
Why is Nainital a Famous Hill Station in India?
Nainital is popular all over India for its Naini Lake. It makes a wonderful place among tourists due to its pleasant weather, breathtaking and amazing views. There are some special places of attraction for tourists on Mall Road. You can buy a variety of fruits – fruits, books, fancy clothes, perfumes and perfectly scented candles in Nainital’s famous market place.
One of the most important attractions in Nainital is the zoo. Where you can see many types of animals, in which you can see many rare species like Snow Leopard, Steppe Eagle, Himalayan Black Bear, White Peacock, etc. Here you can see the Governor’s House of the Raj Bhavan, which is open to tourists with its spacious gardens. Also, one of the new attractions in Nainital is the Eco Cave Garden, where you can go for a walk.
You can visit the grand Cheena (Naina) peak situated at a height of 8,568 feet to have a panorama view of Nainital. Which provides mesmerising views of the Himalayas. Many famous research centres are also present in Nainital, the main one being the Observatory or Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), which is situated at a distance of 9 km from Nainital on Manora Peak.
Here astronomical studies of artificial satellites are done. Apart from its tourist destinations, it is also known for its prestigious schools. Many of these schools belong to the British era. Famous schools in Nainital include St. Joseph’s College, Sainik School, and Sherwood College. Apart from this, Kumaun University is also one of them.
History of Nainital
Before the Anglo-Nepalese war, Kumaon was divided into small princely states. But after 1814-1816, the Kumaon hills came under British rule. If we talk about the establishment of Nainital, then Nainital Hill Station was established in 1814. P. Baron, a sugar merchant of Shahjahanpur, built his first European house in Nainital. If we talk about the oldest buildings in Nainital, then the oldest buildings here include St. John’s Church, which is hidden in the forests of Nainital. It is followed by Belvedere, Alma, Ashdale Cottage, which was built in 1860.
Very soon the city of Nainital became the center of attraction for British soldiers and colonial officials. All the officers along with their families had come to Nainital to escape the scorching heat of the plains. Shortly thereafter, in 1880, Nainital became known as the distinctive British summer getaway in India. After all the British officers had made their home in Nainital, then in the 19th century, English schools were established here, in these schools only British children were admitted.
Mythological Mentions About Nainital
Nainital is mentioned in many ancient legends. The Naina Devi Temple in Nainital, which is situated on the banks of the Naini Lake, has a lot of importance among Hindus. This temple is one of the 64 Shakti Peethas in India. According to Hindu mythology, the Naina Devi temple is believed to be where Lord Shiva’s eyes or “nain” fell when Lord Shiva was carrying the burnt body of Mata Sati to Kailash.
Hence this place is also known as ‘Naini-Tal’ or Lake of the Eyes. In the memory of this incident, the temple of Naina Devi was established here, which is worshiped with reverence by the devotees. The temple is situated on the northern bank of Naina Lake, which adds to its beauty.
Best Time To Visit Nainital
If you are planning to visit Nainital, then it is very important for you to know before that which is the best time to visit Nainital. The best time to visit Naintal is during the months of May-June, which is the peak season here. However, the weather in Nainital remains pleasant throughout the year. Because of which tourists keep coming here throughout the year. In the months of April to July, the temperature here remains around 23 degree Celsius. There is heavy rainfall in the months of July to September, as it is the monsoon season. Let us know, month wise about the weather of Nainital –
Nainital Weather in Summer (March – June)
The months of March to September are the summer season in Nainital. There is a huge crowd of tourists during this season. All the tourists go to Nainital to spend their holidays to escape the heat. The weather here is pleasant during summers. During these days the temperature remains around 11 to 28 degree Celsius. The festival of Phool Dei is also celebrated in Nainital during this season. In this festival, everyone chooses the first blooming flowers of the season and keeps them at the entrance of their homes. Which brings happiness and prosperity in the house.
Nainital Weather in Monsoon (July-September)
Nainital receives heavy rainfall during July to September, as this season is of monsoon. The whole city is in mourning. The annual rainfall in the city is about 1700 mm. Because it is a mountainous area, there is always a fear of landslides. However, in this season you can see more greenery. If you want to take a budget trip, then you can visit Nainital in this season as well. You can also attend the festival of Khatarua and Nanda Devi fair in this season.
Nainital Weather in Winter (October – February)
The winter season in Nainital lasts from the months of October to February. These days the temperature here remains between 0°C and 15°C. If you love watching snow, then this season is ideal for you. Because in the winter season in Nainital you can enjoy snowfall. Apart from this, you can get more peace in winter than in summer season. In winter, the entire Nainital hill station remains full of mist. The mercury starts falling here from the month of December onwards. You get to see maximum snowfall in this season. In winter, newly married couples also come to Nainital to celebrate their honeymoon.